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Principles of Child Development

Characteristics and Methods to Prevent Injury for Children Age 10 to 11 Years Old *





CHARACTERISTICSSAFETY STRATEGY

Children learn a job by seeing how it is done.

Show and tell children each time how to do a job.

Children cannot easily remember job skills from situation to situation or day to day.

Show and tell children each time how to do a job.

As children are becoming more independent from their families and peers are becoming more important, a child's confidence and desire for independence does not necessarily reflect their ability to complete the job.

Set and enforce consistent rules, and provide close supervision to ensure safety.

Children lack a sense of awareness of their surroundings, requiring close supervision.

Set and enforce consistent rules, and provide close supervision to ensure safety.

Attention span is about 20 minutes.

Give children short, easily completed jobs.

During children's growth spurt, rapid growth decreases flexibility putting children at greater risk for sprains and strains. This is especially relevant for girls as they begin puberty and experience their growth spurt.

Limit jobs that put excessive strain on joints such as heavy, repetitive lifting, be alert for decreased coordination (i.e. increased clumsiness), reasses child frequently because some abilities he/she had at a younger age may not be present during growth spurt.


* Modified from resource developed by Catherine Ortscheid, based on references (Berger, 1991; Clark, 1994; Green, 1994; Micheli, 1993; Orr, 1998; and Schor, 1998)

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