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Principles of Child Development

Characteristics and Methods to Prevent Injury for Children Age 12 to 13 Years Old *


Adolescents continue to learn a job best by seeing how it is done.

Show and tell adolescents how to do a job.

As peers become more important, adolescents may attempt unsafe jobs to get approval from their peers.

Set and enforce consistent rules.

Rebellious, risk taking behavior and perception of immortality puts adolescents at risk for injury.

Consistently role model safe behavior and provide adequate supervision.

Adolescents may choose not to wear personal protective equipment because it does not look good or because their peers are not wearing it.

Consistently role model safe behavior and provide adequate supervision.

Adolescents' behavior can be unpredictable.

Reassess job assignments frequently.

Adolescents' lack of attention and thinking only of themselves affects safe behavior.

Reassess job assignments frequently.

While adolescents are adjusting to their rapidly growing bodies, they can become clumsier and less coordinated than before.

Limit jobs that put excessive strain on joints such as heavy, repetitive lifting.

Jobs that were once easy may become more difficult.

Be alert for decreased coordination (i.e. increased clumsiness).

Boys may experience onset of puberty and growth spurts.

Reassess child frequently because some abilities he/she had at a younger age may not be present during growth spurt.

* Modified from resource developed by Catherine Ortscheid, based on references (Berger, 1991; Clark, 1994; Green, 1994; Micheli, 1993; Orr, 1998; and Schor, 1998)

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