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Principles of Child Development

Characteristics and Methods to Prevent Injury for Children Age 14 to 15 Years Old *


Adolescents continue to learn a job best by seeing how it is done.

Show and tell continues to be an important teaching method.

Adolescents are becoming better at thinking through situations.

Show and tell continues to be an important teaching method.

Certain jobs become easier and quality of work is better as strength and coordination is improving.

Assign jobs gradually, slowly increasing the complexity of jobs.

Boys may still be going through rapid growth and may be clumsy.

Reassess child frequently because some abilities he/she had at a younger age may not be present during growth spurt.

During a child's growth spurt, rapid growth decreases a child's flexibility, putting a child at risk for sprains and strains.

Limit jobs that put excessive strain on joints such as heavy, repetitive lifting.

As adolescents struggle between adulthood and childhood, behavior may become unpredictable.

Increase supervision, as jobs become more complex.

Rebellious, risk taking behavior and perception of immortality puts the adolescent at risk for injury.

Set and enforce consistent rules.

* Modified from resource developed by Catherine Ortscheid, based on references (Berger, 1991; Clark, 1994; Green, 1994; Micheli, 1993; Orr, 1998; and Schor, 1998)

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