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Principles of Child Development

Characteristics and Methods to Prevent Injury for Children Age 7 to 9 Years Old *






CHARACTERISTICSSAFETY STRATEGY

Children learn a job by seeing how it is done.

Show and tell children how to do a job each time you want a job done.

Children cannot easily remember job skills from situation to situation or day to day.

Show and tell children how to do a job each time you want a job done.

Poor eye-hand coordination and lack of small muscle (fingers) skills may impact quality of work. At this age children will do better moving a box than threading a needle.

Give children short, easily completed jobs.

A 12-15 minute attention span, impulsive behavior, and a tendency to become easily distracted puts children at risk for injury if a job is too long.

Give children short, easily completed jobs.

Children have boundless energy, but tire quickly and get bored.

Give children short, easily completed jobs.

Successful job completion helps children develop a sense of self-responsibility. Successful job completion helps children develop a sense of self-responsibility.

Praise children for doing things safely.

Children have a slow reaction time, increasing their risk for injury around equipment with moving parts.

Avoid jobs that require a quick response (e.g. equipment with moving parts, animals that kick).

Children learn safe practices by watching other people's behavior. Consistent rules and close supervision enhance safety.

Set and enforce rules, model safe behavior, and provide close supervision to keep children safe.


* Modified from resource developed by Catherine Ortscheid, based on references (Berger, 1991; Clark, 1994; Green, 1994; Micheli, 1993; Orr, 1998; and Schor, 1998)

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